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After successful treatment with hippotherapy or therapeutic riding, a disabled student may progress to riding for rehabilitation, in which the rider learns to take active control of the horse. Students learn how to sit correctly on the horse, and how to give the proper cues in the right sequence. This requires both conscious decisionmaking and sensorymotor skills, and the horse gives its rider instant feedback by responding to what the rider asks, or by not responding if the signals are not properly given. Often, disabled riders become so skilled that their disability all but disappears when they are on a horse. Other benefits are more psychological and social than physical. The riding program itself provides structure and organization, and encourages the student to improve memory and selfcontrol along with controlling the horse. Riders who have especially benefited from riding for rehabilitation include autistic children, as well as those with speech defects and developmental disabilities.

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